Explorations in the Medical Humanities

Testing the Panacea: Antidotes, Alchemy, and the Problem of Proof in Early Modern Europe

Monday, April 2, 2018  6:00pm - 7:30pm The Heyman Center, Second Floor Common Room

Registration

Free and open to the public

No registration necessary

First come, first seated

Organizers

Heidi Hausse

Lan A. Li

Carmel Raz

Arden Hegele

This talk contrasts the drug testing methods of two sixteenth-century alchemical empirics. Andreas Berthold validated his Paracelsian poison antidote (also deemed a cure-all) by letting learned physicians conduct poison trials at German courts, in which test subjects (several dogs and a convict) took poison, followed by the antidote. Georg Amwald, in contrast, scoffed at this method and instead included patient testimonial letters as evidence of the efficacy of his panacea poison antidote - a method also used by earlier alchemists such as Leonardo Fioravanti but derided by physicians. These cases elucidate the tricky problem of proof and evidence in early modern drug testing. While poison trials were used at princely courts all over Europe and appeared to give a definitive answer, they could also be dismissed as singular tricks. Testimonial letters, meanwhile, had perceived problems of trustworthiness. I argue that the boundaries of proof were contested and depended largely on the professional designation of the tester.

Participants

  • Speaker

    Alisha Rankin

    Chair
    Associate Professor of History
    Co-Director of Graduate Studies

    Tufts University

  • Discussant

    Kavita Sivaramakrishnan

    Assistant Professor of Sociomedical Sciences

    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University

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