Toni Negri

Philosopher

Antonio "Toni" Negri (born 1 August 1933) is an Italian Marxist sociologist and political philosopher, best known for his co-authorship of Empire, and secondarily for his work on Spinoza. Negri is best known as the co-author, with Michael Hardt, of the controversial Marxist-inspired treatise Empire (2000). In 2009 Negri completed the book Commonwealth, the final in a trilogy that began in 2000 with Empire and continued with Multitude in 2004. Since Commonwealth, he has written multiple notable articles on the Arab Spring and Occupy movements along with other social issues.